Published by the National Weather Association, the Journal of Operational Meteorology (JOM) covers topics relevant to all aspects of operational meteorology on a range of time and space scales. Suitable topics include new or improved forecasting and warning techniques, verification studies, applications of observations and models to improve forecasts and warnings, and case studies of major weather events. Climatological studies, interdisciplinary studies, and studies documenting education and training practices also will be considered if relevant to operational meteorology. In addition, the Editors welcome submissions that present strategies for the creation and dissemination of forecasts and warnings that maximize the protection of life and property. JOM is a peer-reviewed, all-electronic journal with an international scope, providing authors with the benefits of economical publication costs and rapid publication following acceptance.
Note: effective 1/1/2016, the JOM has transitioned to an open access journal. As such, all articles, past and present, are now available to all free of charge.
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- Links between autism spectrum conditions and scientific aptitude were first investigated twenty years ago. Since then, associations between autism and STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) aptitude have been established and discussed via the empathizing-systemizing (E-S) theory. E-S theory hypothesizes that autistic individuals are naturally driven to create and analyze sets of logical rules, or “systems,” related to and constructed Continue Reading...
A Preliminary Look at Using Rainfall Average Recurrence Interval to Characterize Flash Flood Events for Real-time Warning ForecastingCharacterization of flash flood severity in real-time has been highlighted by National Weather Service (NWS) service assessments for almost two decades. Current flash flood warning techniques provide limited guidance on determining potential severity of flood impacts. Recent software updates allowing for the estimation of rainfall average recurrence intervals (ARIs) in real-time help improve the nowcasting of flash flood events, but Continue Reading...
- A database of upper-air soundings was collected for weak (EF0/EF1), significant (EF2/EF3), and violent (EF4/EF5) tornadoes that occurred within 100 km and 6 h of the rawindsonde observation. After case filtering and quality control, a total of 50 proximity soundings for violent tornadoes and randomized samples of 100 proximity soundings for significant tornadoes and 102 for weak tornadoes were obtained. Continue Reading...
- A variety of strategies are employed to monitor the strength and track of tropical cyclones, including aircraft reconnaissance and satellite. Recent developments to lightning location systems have provided another tool for monitoring tropical systems over the ocean at long distances from land. Vaisala’s Global Lightning Dataset (GLD360) has uniform global coverage with high detection efficiency, providing highly detailed observations of Continue Reading...
Bolton, M. J., L. K. Ault, D. M. Greenberg. and S. Baron-Cohen, 2017: Exploring the Human Side of Meteorology: a Brief Report on the Psychology of Meteorologists. J. Operational Meteor., 6 (3), 23-32
PDF (689KB). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2018.0603 5/15/2018
Lincoln, W. S., R. F. L. Thomason, 2017: A Preliminary Look at Using Rainfall Average Recurrence Interval to Characterize Flash Flood Events for Realtime Warning Forecasting. J. Operational Meteor., 6 (2), 13-22
PDF (2400KB). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2018.0602 5/10/2018
Hampshire, N. L., R. M. Mosier, T.M. Ryan, and D.E. Cavanaugh, 2017: Relationship of Low-Level Instability and Tornado Damage Rating Based on Observed Soundings. J. Operational Meteor., 6 (1), 1-12
PDF (658KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2018.0601 2/7/2018
Jones, T. A., and C. Nixon, 2017: Short-term forecasts of left-moving supercells from an experimental Warn-on-Forecast system. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (13), 161-170
PDF (3275KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0513 9/5/2017
Lindley, T. T., B. R. Bowers, G. P. Murdoch, B. R. Smith, and C. M. Gitro, 2017: Analyses of Fire-effective Low-level Thermal Ridges on the Southern Great Plains. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (12), 146-160
PDF (13750KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0512 8/31/2017
Schultz, C. J., G. T. Stano, P. J. Meyer, B. C. Carcione, T. Barron, 2017: Lightning decision support using VHF total lightning mapping and NLDN cloud-to-ground data in North Alabama. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (11), 134-145
PDF (1755KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0511 8/24/2017
M. S. Van Den Broeke, 2017: Potential tornado warning improvement resulting from utilization of the TDS in the warning decision process. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (10), 121-133
PDF (3570KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0510 8/23/2017
Williams, C. A., P. W. Miller, A. W. Black, and J. A. Knox, 2017: Throwing caution to the wind: National Weather Service wind products as perceived by a weather-salient sample. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (9), 103-120
PDF ( 1580KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0509 8/10/2017
Evans, M., M. Jurewicz, and R. Kline, 2017: The elevation-dependence of snowfall in the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region of northeastern Pennsylvania. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (8) 87-102
PDF (1990KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0508 6/27/17
Curtis, M. B., 2017: A synoptic and mesoscale analysis of heavy rainfall at Portland, ME 13-14 August 2014. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (7), 78-86
PDF (2862KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0507 6/15/2017
Garner, J. M. 2017: Thunderstorm environments over the Northeastern Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Alaska. J. Operational Meteor., 5(6), 71-77,
PDF (2382KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0506 6/15/2017
Villani, J. P., M. L. Jurewicz Sr., and K. Reinhold 2017: Forecasting the inland extent of lake effect snow bands downwind of Lake Ontario. J. Operational Meteor., 5(5), 53-70,
PDF (3826KB) DOI:https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0505 5/31/2017
Rogers, J. W., B. A. Hagenhoff, A. E. Cohen, R. L. Thompson, B. T. Smith, and E. E. Carpenter, 2016: Lower Mississippi River Valley quasi-linear convective system tornado environments and radar signatures. J. Operational Meteor., 5(4), 42-52,
PDF (1,500 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0504 5/24/2017
Lincoln, W. S., R. F. L. Thomason, M. Stackhouse, and D. S. Schlotzhauer, 2017: Utilizing crowd-sourced rainfall and flood impact information to improve the analysis of the North Central Gulf Coast Flood Event of April 2014. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (3), 26-41
PDF (3,318 KB) DOI: http://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0503. 4/19/2017
Bruick, Z. S., and C. D. Karstens, 2017: An Investigation of Local and National NWS Warning Outbreaks for Severe Convective Events. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (2), 14-25
PDF (2,118 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0502 4/11/2017
Terborg, A., and G. T. Stano, 2017: Impacts to Aviation Weather Center operations using total lightning observations from the Pseudo-GLM. J. Operational Meteor., 5 (1), 1-13.
PDF (2,118 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2017.0501 1/27/2017
Fearon, M. G., T. J. Brown, and G. M. Curcio, 2015: Establishing a national standard method for operational mixing height determination. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (15), 172–189.
PDF (1757 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0315 11/3/2015
Smith, B. L., and J. L. Blaes, 2015: Examination of a winter storm using a micro rain radar and AMDAR aircraft soundings. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (14), 156–171.
PDF (2322 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0314 10/22/2015
Gibbs, J. G., and D. A. Butts Jr., 2015: Warm-season thunderstorm development as a function of vertical distribution of relative humidity in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (13), 145–155.
PDF (686 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0313 10/13/2015
Moore, B. J., T. M. Hamill, E. M. Sukovich, T. Workoff, and F. E. Barthold, 2015: The utility of the NOAA reforecast dataset for quantitative precipitation forecasting over the coastal western United States. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (12), 133–144.
PDF (2907 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0312 9/22/2015
Imhoff, K. A., and G. S. Young, 2015: ENSO influence on tropical cyclone regional landfall counts. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (11), 124–132.
PDF (389 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0311 9/1/2015
Ellis, R. T., J. Blaes, and L. Anderson, 2015: Orographically induced cirrus clouds in the lee of the southern Appalachian Mountains. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (10), 104–123.
PDF (4581 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0310 8/20/2015
Miller, P. W., A. W. Ellis, and S. J. Keighton, 2015: The utility of total lightning trends in diagnosing single-cell thunderstorm severity: Examples from the central Appalachians region. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (8), 82–98.
PDF (1152 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0308 5/12/2015
Vitale, J. D., J. Lipe, and T. T. Lindley, 2015: Independence Day holiday weekend 2010 flood on the southern plains of West Texas. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (7), 70–81.
PDF (2868 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0307 4/21/2015
Brotzge, J. A., and C. M. Luttrell, 2015: Genesis of the Chickasha, Oklahoma, tornado on 24 May 2011 as observed by CASA radar and Oklahoma Mesonet. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (6), 59–69.
PDF (2445 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0306 4/14/2015
Forsythe, J. M., S. Q. Kidder, K. K. Fuell, A. LeRoy, G. J. Jedlovec, and A. S. Jones, 2015: A multisensor, blended, layered water vapor product for weather analysis and forecasting. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (5), 41–58.
PDF (2315 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0305 3/24/2015
Young, G. S., S. D. Goldberger, J. Verlinde, and C. J. Hanlon, 2015: Forecasting regional chance of occurrence through aggregation of MOS PoPs. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (4), 30–40.
PDF (1130 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0304 1/27/2015
Hall, B. L., and Coauthors, 2015: A community frost/freeze susceptibility operational guidance tool. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (3), 21–29.
PDF (784 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0303 1/20/2015
Call, D. A., K. E. Grove, and P. J. Kocin, 2015: A meteorological and social comparison of the New England blizzards of 1978 and 2013. J. Operational Meteor., 3 (1), 1–10.
PDF (813 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2015.0301 1/6/2015
Bettwy, A. E., 2014: Two case studies of tornadoes associated with cold-core 500-mb lows, and operational warning recommendations. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (21), 265–279.
PDF (12180 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0221 12/18/2014
Lammers, M. R., and J. D. Horel, 2014: Verification of National Weather Service spot forecasts using surface observations. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (20), 246–264.
PDF (2341 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0220 10/9/2014
Lincoln, W. S., 2014: Analysis of the 15 June 2013 isolated extreme rainfall event in Springfield, Missouri. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (19), 233–245.
PDF (3022 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0219 7/22/2014
Evans, M. S., and R. A. Murphy, 2014: A historical analog-based severe weather checklist for central New York and northeastern Pennsylvania. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (18), 214–232.
PDF (2859 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0218 7/8/2014
Kumjian, M. R., and A. D. Schenkman, 2014: The curious case of ice pellets over middle Tennessee on 1 March 2014. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (17), 209–213.
PDF (1332 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0217 7/1/2014
Molthan, A. L., J. R. Bell, T. A. Cole, and J. E. Burks, 2014: Satellite-based identification of tornado damage tracks from the 27 April 2011 severe weather outbreak. J. Operational Meteor., 2(16), 191–208.
PDF (2197 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0216 6/24/2014
Arnott, J. M., and J. Chamberlain, 2014: Lake-effect freezing drizzle: A case-study analysis. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (15), 180–190.
PDF (2380 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0215 6/17/2014
Bryant, B., M. Holiner, R. Kroot, K. Sherman-Morris, W. B. Smylie, L. Stryjewski, M. Thomas, and C. I. Williams, 2014: Usage of color scales on radar maps. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (14), 169–179.
PDF (780 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0214 6/4/2014
Gitro, C. M., M. S. Evans, and R. H. Grumm, 2014: Two major heavy rain/flood events in the mid-Atlantic: June 2006 and September 2011. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (13), 152–168.
PDF (3043 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0213 5/28/2014
Banacos, P. C., A. N. Loconto, and G. A. DeVoir, 2014: Snow squalls: Forecasting and hazard mitigation. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (12), 130–151.
PDF (4153 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0212 5/21/2014
Bunkers, M. J., D. A. Barber, R. L. Thompson, R. Edwards, and J. Garner, 2014: Choosing a universal mean wind for supercell motion prediction. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (11), 115–129.
PDF (1635 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0211 5/14/2014
Saari, M. D. W., R. M. Lawton, C. J. Schultz, and L. D. Carey, 2014: Early characteristics of the polarimetric tornadic debris signature associated with the 20 May 2013 Newcastle–Moore, Oklahoma, tornado. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (10), 110–114.
PDF (707 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0210 5/7/2014
Bauman, W. H., III., and W. P. Roeder, 2014: A tool to predict the probability of summer severe weather in east-central Florida. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (8), 89–102.
PDF (983 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0208 4/17/2014
Stano, G. T., C. J. Schultz, L. D. Carey, D. R. MacGorman, and K. M. Calhoun, 2014: Total lightning observations and tools for the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma, tornadic supercell. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (7), 71–88.
PDF (2470 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0207 3/27/2014
Jaszka, K. D., D. A. Call, 2014: A GIS-based assessment of lake-effect snow warnings in Upstate New York. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (6), 59–70.
PDF (581 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0206 3/20/2014
Blackmore, W. H., and R. D. Kardell, 2014: Application of radiosonde ascent rate variations to detect atmospheric turbulence affecting aircraft. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (5), 51–58.
PDF (580 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0205 3/13/2014
Grumm, R., J. M. Arnott, and J. Halblaub, 2014: The epic eastern North American warm episode of March 2012. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (4), 36–50.
PDF (1619 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0204 3/7/2014
Myrick, D. T., and J. R. Michael, 2014: Dual-polarization radar analysis of northwestern Nevada flash flooding and haboob: 10 June 2013. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (3), 27–35.
PDF (1693 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0203 2/18/2014
Cohen, A. E., M. L. VanDenHeuvel, G. W. Carbin, and D. Bernhardt, 2014: The 5 June 2012 central Montana tornado event. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (2), 13–26.
PDF (2811 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0202 2/11/2014
Coleman, T. A., T. A. Murphy, K. R. Knupp, L. D. Carey, and M. E. Anderson, 2014: Extensive observations of the transition region of a winter storm. J. Operational Meteor., 2 (1), 1–12.
PDF (1914 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2014.0201 1/22/2014
Lorentson, M., 2013: Scale normalization for IFR-frequency effects in aviation forecast performance statistics. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (22), 275–281.
PDF (603 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0122 12/19/2013
Kumjian, M. R., 2013: Principles and applications of dual-polarization weather radar. Part III: Artifacts. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (21), 265–274.
PDF (1775 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0121 11/20/2013
Kumjian, M. R., 2013: Principles and applications of dual-polarization weather radar. Part II: Warm- and cold-season applications. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (20), 243–264.
PDF (4251 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0120 11/20/2013
Kumjian, M. R., 2013: Principles and applications of dual-polarization weather radar. Part I: Description of the polarimetric radar variables. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (19), 226–242.
PDF (1769 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0119 11/20/2013
Sauter, D. P., 2013: A wet-bulb globe temperature validation study using standard meteorological inputs and modeled solar irradiance. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (18), 215–225.
PDF (1134 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0118 11/13/2013
Nauslar, N. J., M. L. Kaplan, J. Wallmann, and T. J. Brown, 2013: A forecast procedure for dry thunderstorms. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (17), 200–214.
PDF (3036 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0117 11/6/2013
Stuart, N. A., R. H. Grumm, and M. J. Bodner, 2013: Analyzing predictability and communicating uncertainty: Lessons from the post-Groundhog Day 2009 storm and the March 2009 “megastorm.” J. Operational Meteor., 1 (16), 185–199.
PDF (2382 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0116 10/31/2013
Miller, D. A., S. Wu, and D. Kitzmiller, 2013: Spatial and temporal resolution considerations in evaluating and utilizing radar quantitative precipitation estimates. J. Operational Meteor., 1(15), 168–184.
PDF (1424 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0115 10/15/2013
Pereira, G., and M. Muscato, 2013: Multivariate analysis of lake-effect snowstorms in western New York. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (14), 157–167.
PDF (921 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0114 8/27/2013
Molthan, A. L., J. E. Burks, K. M. McGrath, and F. J. LaFontaine, 2013: Multi-sensor examination of hail damage swaths for near real-time applications and assessment. J. Operational Meteor., 1(13), 144–156.
PDF (1519 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0113 8/15/2013
Vitale, J. D., and T. Ryan, 2013: Operational recognition of high precipitation efficiency and low-echo-centroid convection. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (12), 128–143.
PDF (2233 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0112 8/9/2013
Glahn, B., and J.-S. Im, 2013: Error estimation of objective analysis of surface observations. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (11), 114–127.
PDF (1544 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0111 7/30/2013
Sanders, K. J., C. M. Gravelle, J. P. Gagan, and C. E. Graves, 2013: Characteristics of major ice storms in the central United States. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (10), 100–113.
PDF (2824 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0110 7/23/2013
Vaucher, G. T, and J. Raby, 2013: Forecasting atmospheric stability transitions over a high-elevation desert in the southwestern United States. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (9), 93–99.
PDF (1297 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0109 7/17/2013
Szymber, R. J., T. C. Jameson, and D. I. Knapp, 2013: A parameter weighting scheme for an automated weather effects decision aid. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (8), 84–92.
PDF (695 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0108 7/10/2013
Zavodsky, B. T., A. L. Molthan, and M. J. Folmer, 2013: Multispectral imagery for detecting stratospheric air intrusions associated with mid-latitude cyclones. J. Operational Meteor., 1(7), 71–83.
PDF (1535 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0107 7/2/2013
Hansen, C., M. L. Kaplan, S. A. Mensing, S. J. Underwood, J. M. Lewis, K. C. King, and J. E. Haugland, 2013: They just don’t make storms like this one anymore: Analyzing the anomalous record snowfall event of 1959. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (5), 52–65.
PDF (1432 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0105 5/7/2013
Wesley, D. A., G. Poulos, J. Snook, P. Kennedy, M. Meyers, and G. Byrd, 2013: Extreme snowfall variations and cold-air damming in the Front Range heavy snowstorm of 17–19 March 2003. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (4), 26–51.
PDF (4369 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0104 4/30/2013
Chaney, P. L., J. Herbert, and A. Curtis, 2013: A climatological perspective on the 2011 Alabama tornado outbreak. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (3), 19–25.
PDF (845 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0103 3/18/2013
Pojorlie, K. L., S. Doering, and M. A. Fowle, 2013: The record-breaking Vivian, South Dakota, hailstorm of 23 July 2010. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (2), 3–18.
PDF (2360 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0102 2/18/2013
Bunkers, M. J., S. J. Weiss, M. C. Coniglio, A. J. Clark, M. A. Baxter, J. W. Zeitler, D. T. Lindsey, and S. W. Harned, 2013: Editorial: Introducing the Journal of Operational Meteorology. J. Operational Meteor., 1 (1), 1–2.
PDF (262 KB) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15191/nwajom.2013.0101 1/1/2013